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Cloud Computing For Agriculture

Cloud Computing For Agriculture – To better understand the role of cloud computing in agriculture, we first need to understand some basic things about cloud computing. Therefore, cloud computing is nothing but the integration of high quality computing infrastructure in the backend so that computing services can be provided to a large number of users. Many sectors benefit greatly from it, agriculture being one of them. The cloud is available to the user community with 3 service models, which can be understood from this infographic.

When agriculture moves towards modernization, it reduces farmers’ dependence on weather, improves resource utilization and equips them with knowledge of new technologies.

Cloud Computing For Agriculture

Cloud Computing For Agriculture

1) Large scale information storage: It is a large information data banks for agriculture where crops, climate, soil, growth progress, farmer information and expert consultation can be easily stored in the cloud. Market conditions of different crops and related information helps in decision making in crop selection.

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2) Low cost access: This is because it works on a pay-on-use basis. This means farmers only have to pay for the resources they earn from the cloud. ICT is a modern cloud infrastructure for allocating resources and services on demand.

3) Cloud Agro System: It is used to monitor overall information related to agriculture. The information stored in the cloud system can be presented in the cloud agro system in the native language of the farmer. It helps farmers to take decisions related to crop production according to market demand and supply of crops.

4) Solution to agricultural queries: Cloud computing has proven to be a channel for immediate resolution of farming difficulties because it responds very quickly and accurately. Farmers can post any doubts about any disease or pesticide and take decisions based on expert answers.

5) Farm Management System (FMS): It provides timely information to farmers about disease warning, disease response in crops and new techniques in agriculture.

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6) Weather forecasting: With the help of cloud computing, the weather can be predicted for a certain period of time, which helps the farmer in selecting crops. Sometimes the weather is not suitable for seasonal crops. In this case, farmers can choose alternative seasonal crop.

As we have seen, once farmers start using cloud computing, many benefits can directly increase the efficiency of farming. This is the biggest “but” that comes into the picture, i.e. if the farmers get so many benefits, why does it take so much time and effort to adopt the technology?

Effective implementation of cloud computing in agriculture is encouraging and necessary for the overall development of India’s agriculture sector. Technological innovations in agriculture do not reach the producers due to illiteracy, lack of awareness, communication gap etc., which fails to reach the potential production rate. Farmers should be trained on cloud computing through various easily accessible mediums. Along with this, we need to understand their needs and based on that make a software user interface (UI) in their local language so that they do not feel uncomfortable while using it. Many big brands are trying to provide the same thing, for example, ITC is playing an important role as an effective information system that will be of great help in expanding the agricultural production of India. Besides ICT, there are many other cloud-based software for farm management. Examples include: Agrivi; Agueb Agworld; granular; families etc. They need good guidance and proper support as things are very new to them.

Cloud Computing For Agriculture

So, as we have seen, there are many opportunities, but at the same time, there are many challenges in adopting cloud computing in agriculture. These new techniques come under precision agriculture, which I will discuss in another article, but in a nutshell, it is a farming method where farmers use precise amounts of inputs to get higher yields than conventional farming. The ultimate goal is to provide our farmers with cloud-based monitoring, modeling and decision-making tools for their farm health and production management, so their practical resources are site-specific, dynamic and optimal, leading to precision and sustainable farming. It is time for agriculture, one of the earliest professions on the planet, to join hands with one of the latest technologies, cloud computing. One may wonder what is common, but the truth is that applications of cloud computing have been applied in multiple ways to help the agricultural sector grow.

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Cloud computing is an information technology model in which users can access shared pools of configurable system resources over the Internet. Such a sharing of resources, operating as a common utility, enables synergies and economies of scale that service providers can quickly allocate to users with very little management effort.

When an organization outsources their computer infrastructure and management to the cloud, it allows the company to focus on their core business instead of investing in computer infrastructure.

Because cloud computing enterprises have expertise in their field, they can act faster and manage better. They are more adaptable to meet fluctuating and unpredictable demand. Cloud computing service providers usually operate on a pay-as-you-go model. The user can also choose options like Software as a Service (SAAS), Platform as a Service (PAAS) or Infrastructure as a Service (IAAS). IAAS is one of the most commonly used services because it helps organizations avoid infrastructure costs.

Amazon.com was the first company to launch a cloud computing product called Elastic Compute Cloud in 2006. Although it took some time for potential clients to make the change, once tried it began to take off, thus leading to massive growth in the Sector. The word “cloud” has become a metaphor for the Internet, and the standard cloud-like shape is used to denote a network of telephony schematics. Therefore, cloud computing is another application in the basket of information communication technologies (ICT).

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A study was conducted that found that 70% of users believe that IT management simplified the process. The findings show that:

Coming to agriculture, how can cloud computing effectively contribute as an ICT tool that can play a vital role in agriculture?

Overall, cloud computing enables users to perform real-time computing, data access and storage without worrying about the physical location and configuration of the system providing the services.

Cloud Computing For Agriculture

It can capture information related to all crops that have been cultivated recently, so it can also help farmers decide what to grow next. Weather information: The cloud can store area-specific weather information and weather forecast for a specific period of time. Again, these help farmers to make crop-related decisions.

Cloud Computing Applications For Agriculture

Crop decisions are also largely dependent on soil information. Apart from the soil profile, it can also provide a historical trend of the soil, which can help predict the future trend. For example, does the soil become acidic/alkaline, or what other changes can be seen in the nature and composition of the soil?

The growth of different crops can be observed in different regions; And at regular intervals. This enables growth patterns to be compared with past growth patterns.

Area-wise farmer data can be collected and participation of local farmers can be monitored and studied. This will help in identifying key agricultural sectors that will be useful to policy makers while formulating their strategies.

Solutions to common problems faced by farmers are available here. Along with this, experts also provide solutions to specific problems, with a very short response time.

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People from rural areas cannot sell their produce directly in the market. Many middlemen appear between retail and production, which ultimately exploits the farmers. Through cloud computing’s agricultural management information system, farmers can sell their products directly to end users/retailers.

A web-based agricultural management information system can be useful in the agricultural sector because it provides the latest bulletins about weather, prices, fertilizer, crop sowing etc. to farmers in rural areas.

Sharing of practical information: Scientists working in agricultural research centers can share their own findings and suggestions on modern techniques for agriculture, use of chemical fertilizers in clouds.

Cloud Computing For Agriculture

Despite a long list of useful applications, adoption of cloud computing can be hindered for a number of reasons. For one, differential cyber laws in different countries can be a problem, as the industry is practically borderless. To address this, the service provider Business Software Alliance (BSA) has a 7-point policy plan. Another challenge is related to the security of data and services. The way to do this is to choose the most reputed service provider for the required service.

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A high-speed Internet connection is an important prerequisite for the efficient operation of cloud computing. If cloud servers occur

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