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Cloud Computing For Internet Of Things

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Cloud Computing For Internet Of Things

Cloud Computing For Internet Of Things

Full-length articles represent the most advanced research in the field and have significant potential to make a big impact. The feature article should be a comprehensive, original article that covers several techniques or approaches, presents perspectives on future research directions, and describes possible research applications.

How Does Cloud Computing Support Iot (internet Of Things) Deployments And Applications?

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L. Minh Dang L. Minh Dang Scilit Publications Google Scholar View , Md. Bow. Jalil Piran. Jalil Piran Scilit Google Scholar View publications, Dongil Han Dongil Han Scilit Google Scholar View publications, Kyungbok Min Kyungbok Min Scilit Google Scholar View publications and Hyeonjoon Moon Hyeonjoon Moon Scilit Google Scholar View publications *

Application received: June 10, 2019 / Modified: June 28, 2019 / Accepted: July 6, 2019 / Published: July 9, 2019

What Is The Role Of Cloud Computing In Iot?

The rapid development of Internet of Things (IoT) technology in recent years favors the connection of many smart things along with sensors and introduces seamless data exchange between them, which leads to high demands on a data analysis and storage platform such as the cloud. computer science and fog computing. Healthcare is one of the application areas of the Internet of Things that is attracting great interest from industry, the research community and the public sector. The rise of IoT and cloud computing is improving patient safety, employee satisfaction, and operational efficiency in the healthcare industry. This study aims to analyze the latest IoT components, applications, and healthcare IoT market trends, and explore the current developments in the field of IoT and cloud-based healthcare applications since 2015. We also consider how promising technologies such as cloud computing, ambient assisted living, big data and wearable devices are being applied in healthcare, and explore the various regulations and policies regarding IoT, e-health around the world to determine how they help with the sustainable development of IoT and cloud computing in healthcare. Additionally, an in-depth analysis of IoT privacy and security issues is performed, including potential threats, attack types, and security settings from a healthcare perspective. Finally, this article analyzes previous well-known security models to address security threats and presents trends, highlights opportunities and challenges for the future development of IoT-based healthcare.

The Internet of Things (IoT) is undoubtedly one of the most interesting topics for the research community, the public sector and industry. While the traditional Internet facilitates communication between many limited devices and people, the Internet of Things connects all kinds of connected “things” into a complex network of interconnected computational intelligence without human intervention. The use of the Internet of Things and the development of wireless communication technologies enable the patient’s health status to be transmitted to caregivers in real time [1, 2]. Additionally, many available sensors and wearable devices can measure specific human physiological parameters such as heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), and blood pressure (BP) with a single tap. Although still in the early stages of development, enterprises and industries have quickly leveraged the capabilities of IoT in their existing systems and have seen improvements in production and user experience [3].

However, integrating IoT technology into the healthcare industry poses several challenges, including data storage, data management, data exchange between devices, security and privacy, and unified and ubiquitous access. One possible solution that can solve these challenges is Cloud Computing technology. Figure 1 shows a typical healthcare system that integrates both IoT and cloud computing to provide access to shared health data and common infrastructure in a universal and transparent manner, offer on-demand services over the network, and perform operations to meet growing needs [4].

Cloud Computing For Internet Of Things

Cloud computing provides computing services including servers, databases, networks, software, and data analytics over the Internet to provide faster deployment, flexible resources, and economies of scale. Moreover, the current shift from a centralized paradigm (cloud computing) to a decentralized paradigm (fog computing) is coming to the fore [5]. Fog Computing performs data analysis at the edge, enabling real-time processing, improving data privacy and reducing costs. The development of wearable devices, artificial intelligence (AI) [6] and cloud computing provides a solid foundation for the evolution of the Internet of Things in the healthcare sector, which will transform every aspect of human life. Interested readers are referred to the IoT overviews compiled by [7, 8, 9, 10, 11] for a deeper and more comprehensive understanding of several aspects of IoT enabling technologies, their current development progress, as well as the main challenges the research community needs to solve. Additionally, they can refer to [4, 12] for an overview of cloud and fog computing technologies, their typical application scenarios, various challenges encountered in implementing cloud and fog computing systems, and possible future work that needs to be done.

Big Data, Cloud Computing, And The Internet Of Things: 3 Important World Changing Technologies

IoT provides suitable solutions for various applications that cover all aspects of life, such as smart cities [13], intelligent traffic management, waste management, structural health monitoring, security, emergency services, supply chain, retail, industrial management [14, 15 , 16, 17] and health care. According to a CISCO report [18], there will be 500 billion connected devices by 2030, which roughly equates to 58 smart devices per person on the planet. At the end of 2017, an IoT market study conducted by Statista [19] revealed that the global IoT market value will reach USD 8.9 trillion by 2020, with 7% of the total market value coming from the healthcare sector. By integrating IoT and cloud computing in the healthcare sector, healthcare professionals can deliver faster, more efficient and better quality healthcare services, resulting in a better patient experience. This results in better healthcare services, better patient care and less paperwork for healthcare workers.

Table 1 shows significant contributions from eight review articles that addressed various aspects of IoT and cloud computing in healthcare. In 2015, [20] conducted a comprehensive study on IoT in healthcare, which discussed several aspects of IoT in healthcare such as architecture, services, and applications; they also discussed several issues, including safety and standardization, that require further research. However, four years have passed since this article was published. Many technologies and cutting-edge research have been developed over the course of four years. Therefore, a new study should be conducted to analyze and summarize them. Moreover, cloud computing has developed significantly in recent years, and the number of medical applications based on cloud computing has increased significantly. As a result, it has become the basis of IoT in healthcare. Several research works [21, 22, 23, 24] have focused on exploring various aspects of fog computing and fog applications in healthcare, as well as solving several challenges that researchers need to overcome. On the other hand, the authors in [25] examined previous architectures and applications of cloud computing in healthcare and identified critical issues requiring extensive work. From a different point of view, the authors in [26] focused on the analysis of different types of sensors and standard communication techniques. In 2018, Farahani conducted a survey on the Internet of Things in healthcare hardware and software [27]. The authors then examined hardware and software security issues and proposed appropriate solutions that should be implemented to ensure the security of healthcare systems.

Each review focuses on a specific aspect of IoT, cloud computing in healthcare, and the fact that the healthcare industry is still adopting IoT and cloud computing leads to support for several core concepts, frameworks, and applications. At this stage, an in-depth review of previous research on IoT and cloud computing in healthcare is essential for various groups, including researchers, clinicians, and stakeholders who plan to integrate IoT and cloud computing in healthcare or conduct further research.

To address the above limitations, in this paper, we conduct a comprehensive study on IoT and cloud computing in healthcare. It covers several sections of IoT and cloud computing in healthcare, such as the standard framework for IoT and cloud computing, standard platforms to help healthcare applications communicate with the IoT and cloud computing backbone. We also discuss related concepts, applications, services, and challenges related to integrating IoT and cloud computing in healthcare. The main contributions of the study are described as follows:

What Is The Iot? Everything You Need To Know About The Internet Of Things Right Now


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