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Cloud Computing: Standards And Regulations

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Cloud Computing: Standards And Regulations

Cloud Computing: Standards And Regulations

This article first appeared in Computer magazine and is brought to you by & IEEE Computer Society.

Common Standards In Cloud Computing: An Overview Of Key Application Development, Messaging, Security, And Standardization Standards

Cloud computing has become an increasingly popular trend in recent years, with nothing but continued growth in the future. However, some industry observers say that rapid growth has occurred, and is still threatened by, the failure of cloud-demand systems to catch up, even there are many groups working for them.

They say that the lack of standards will make cloud computing more expensive. It can also limit deployment by limiting interoperability between cloud platforms and cause inconsistencies in areas such as security and interoperability. For example, the lack of a standard can cause a customer to try to change from personal to cloud by making unnecessary problems such as changing browsers or email systems. In addition, it will prevent users from knowing the important features that they can expect from cloud services.

“Coordination of supply and transport of services from one service provider to another is very important for customers to fulfill their expectations [back from investment] from cloud computing,” explains IBM’s vice president of software development Angel Luis Diaz. In addition, the interaction will prevent users from being locked into a given cloud.

A lack of security standards – which address issues such as data protection and encryption – is also detrimental to the use of the cloud in general, said Nirlay Kundu, the director Head of Wipro Consulting Services.

Cloud Compliance Standards. Cloud Compliance Standards Refer To A…

With valuable data stored off-site and accessible only through the Internet, security is a key issue, explains Vishy Narayan, principal architect with Communication Working Partner at Infosys Technologies, a provider of consulting, technology, engineering and outsourcing services.

According to Lynda Stadtmueller, director of cloud marketing in research firm Frost & Sullivan’s Stratecast practice, the lack of standardization makes it difficult for buyers to compare and evaluate cloud services.

Of course, cloud computing is still young, so the lack of design – which often happens with mature technologies – is not surprising. And some experts say that the uncertainty of the market makes it difficult for any organization to maintain standards.

Cloud Computing: Standards And Regulations

There may be challenges to cloud computing standards along the way, and overcoming them can determine what the future of cloud computing will be, said Winston Bumpus, director of standards at VMware, a provider of virtualization and cloud services. He is also the chairman of the Distributed Management Task Force (DMTF), an industry-based collaboration.

What Is Cloud Computing? Definition, Benefits, Types, And Trends

At its most basic, cloud computing simply delivers applications; security and other services; storage and other infrastructures; and platforms such as software developed for Internet users or private clouds.

Cloud computing is appealing to many organizations because it reduces the amount of hardware and software that users need to own, manage and install. Essentially, users only pay for the computing functionality they need.

Many of today’s standards, which are summarized in Table 1, are in part of the US National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Special Publication 800-145, a document called “The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing ( Draft).

True interoperability requires defining specific applications and services from one cloud to another, and that won’t happen without standards, says Michael Crandell, CEO and the built on cloud-like vendor RightScale. For example, there is currently no way to define security policies and policies across cloud providers.

Cloud Security, Standards And Applications

A key design challenge involves virtualization, which plays an important role in most cloud applications, said Willemstad van Biljon, founder and vice president of products for Nimbula, the provide air services.

The flexibility of virtualization allows cloud providers to optimize the performance of their hardware. This also enables users, for example, to connect to storage without having to know the server name and address, as would happen in a normal network.

In virtualization, hypervisors manage the host server’s performance and other services so that it can run multiple virtual machines (VMs) using different operating systems and other platforms. Each cloud platform has its own type of hypervisor, Crandell notes.

Cloud Computing: Standards And Regulations

Cloud systems that use different hypervisors will not work together, partly because they do not use the same data input, Nimbulas Van Biljon notes. Cloud platforms will also not be affected because their VMs do not interact with a different model with different network and storage, APIs, network connections, databases and so on, Crandell explained.

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VM definition is an important issue to help manage security policy, network policy and privacy across the cloud, Van Biljon said. Without a standard, moving a workstation from one cloud platform to another requires creating a new VM on the other platform and then reinstalling the application, which can be time-consuming and expensive. strength.

DMTF’s Open Virtualization Format, which was introduced last year, is the first step towards hypervisor and thus cloud-computing interoperability.

OVF provides the ability to move virtual machines from one platform to another, notes Dave Link, founder and CEO of ScienceLogic, an IT infrastructure management product. OVF standard uses a container that stores metadata and virtual machines and enables migration of VMs on the cloud. It also defines some aspects of the VM and the application running on it, including size, CPU and network requirements, memory and storage.

DMTF is also working on enabling VMs to run on multiple platforms and on defining how applications run in the cloud to perform tasks such as load balancing and session management.

Cloud Compliance Standards: Understanding Frameworks & Solutions

ANSI recognizes OVF as a standard, and it is still under consideration by ISO, DMTF’s Bumpus noted.

DMTF’s Open Cloud Standards Incubator subgroup works to improve cloud interoperability through processes such as open cloud management standards, cloud service specific transport, and security mechanisms.

IEEE working groups P2301 and P2302 are developing general guidelines that will address the migration, management, and interoperability of cloud-based platforms.

Cloud Computing: Standards And Regulations

P2301, Draft Guide for Cloud Portability and Interoperability Profiles, will follow a process that provides information on existing and ongoing cloud processes from various organizations in key areas such as cloud computing, transportation, management, interoperability, information sharing and performance forums, said Steve Diamond, director of the IEEE Cloud Computing Initiative and director of Picosoft’s technology-business consultancy.

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The goal is to avoid multiple models addressing the same issues while not having models to share with others, explained David Bernstein, head of the P2301 and P2302 working groups and director of Cloud Strategy Partners consultants.

P2302, Draft Standard for Intercloud Interoperability and Federation, defines the topology, protocols, functionality and governance required for cloud-to-cloud interoperability and data exchange.

Diamond said that the two missions have not yet developed their approach and may not complete their work until 2012.

OGF – a community of grid users, developers and vendors – develops the Open Cloud Computing Interface. OCCI introduces many protocols and APIs for various cloud management systems, including deployment, initialization, and network monitoring.

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These APIs will include other cloud-based APIs, such as those used in GoGrid and Amazon’s Elastic Compute Cloud. The development of APIs will lead to interoperability and interoperability between different IaaS (infrastructure-as-a-service) platforms.

The IDCloud Technical Committee tries to solve security issues related to identity management in cloud computing to ensure that cloud users are who they say they are. The group is also developing guidelines for reducing vulnerabilities, which is considered important due to the open, distributed architecture of cloud computing.

The Office of Best Practices is working to ensure that cloud service providers understand customer needs – such as capacity and quality of service (QoS ) – when creating and delivering services.

Cloud Computing: Standards And Regulations

CDMI’s client-to-cloud storage standard addresses the way a user interfaces with cloud-based storage resources. Cloud data management systems address issues such as QoS and encryption. The cloud-to-cloud interoperability process focuses on how stored data can be moved through the cloud.

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CDMI is now the standard SNIA architecture. SNIA also plans to submit it to ANSI and ISO standards.

The number of sample efforts, led by both suppliers and samplers, muddies the waters. They make it difficult for sellers and users to determine what is and is not going to happen. Also, there are many modeling efforts in some areas of the atmosphere and none in others.

According to IBM’s Diaz, while modeling efforts are important, they are not enough. He said they need more customer input to ensure that users’ needs are met. A group of companies and other organizations recently formed the Cloud Standards Customer Council to provide such input.

A key challenge is getting all vendors on the same page about what the standard will cover, notes Dave Lithicum, founder and chief technology officer of the cloud-based service. Blue Mountain idea. Most vendors, he explained, have their own processes, making the process of adoption difficult, frustrating and time-consuming that some organizations give up.

Examples For Enhancements For Cloud Security Standards

Another challenge is the youth of the market, said James Staten, vice president and chief analyst at Forrester Research. Because cloud computing hasn’t been invented yet, the technology landscape can change dramatically, making new standards obsolete.

Technology and business must be mature and stable

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